Small holder dairy farms in peri-urban landscapes live with poor infrastructure, lack of hygiene, ignorance and irregular visits by veterinary and health staff. This contributes to poor health management of animals, making these farms high-risk zones of disease, forcing them to nurse sick and unproductive animals and see a drop in income levels. The PERIMILK project is working towards training and capacity building of select farms in the project sites, equipping these farmers with correct knowledge about farm practices.

  • Eking out a livelihood through intensive farming methods is linked to survival of small dairy farmers. Ignorance and lack of knowledge lead to their adopting poor hygiene practices.Eking out a livelihood through intensive farming methods is linked to survival of small dairy farmers. Ignorance and lack of knowledge lead to their adopting poor hygiene practices.
  • Inadequate sewage disposal system and lack of basic amenities such as fresh water supply and waste management are a common sight.Inadequate sewage disposal system and lack of basic amenities such as fresh water supply and waste management are a common sight.
  • Stagnant water, urine and accumulation of solid waste creates grave environmental consequences for human and animal health. Lack of awareness on proper disposal of cow dung leads to further spread of disease.Stagnant water, urine and accumulation of solid waste creates grave environmental consequences for human and animal health. Lack of awareness on proper disposal of cow dung leads to further spread of disease.
  • Small cattle sheds force animals to be cramped together creating high risk of transmission of infectious diseases. Small cattle sheds force animals to be cramped together creating high risk of transmission of infectious diseases.
  • Cattle fodder stocked on farm premises draws birds, insects and other animals with serious repercussions as birds droppings contaminate fodder, increasing risk of disease transmission.Cattle fodder stocked on farm premises draws birds, insects and other animals with serious repercussions as birds droppings contaminate fodder, increasing risk of disease transmission.
  • Mixed-farming practices lead to bundling up of animals. Add to this, poor farm hygiene practices that place all farm animals at risk of infection and disease.Mixed-farming practices lead to bundling up of animals. Add to this, poor farm hygiene practices that place all farm animals at risk of infection and disease.
  • Not having dedicated sheds for animals due to shortage of space forces farmers to make their cattle sleep outside. The animal then gets exposed to rain, storm and attack by other animals.Not having dedicated sheds for animals due to shortage of space forces farmers to make their cattle sleep outside. The animal then gets exposed to rain, storm and attack by other animals.
  • Overall hygiene standards should be maintained in all areas – cattle sheds, areas where animals are milked, where milk is pooled and where farmers’ family resides. Overall hygiene standards should be maintained in all areas – cattle sheds, areas where animals are milked, where milk is pooled and where farmers’ family resides.
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