Qualitative and quantitative surveys have commenced in the three sites of Guwahati, Bangalore and Udaipur in July 2015. The RCZI team has taken a number of steps to make the data collection process smooth, accurate and efficient.
For the first time, the team is using tablets to collect data from the field. This will increase speed and efficiency of data collection. The data that is collected in the tablet is directly transferred to the main server housed at PHFI, New Delhi at the end of data collection each day.
One of the chief advantages of this system is the complete omission of the data entry process. This will be a time saver both at the level of data entry as also in terms of reducing any chance of error (data entry from hardcopy questionnaire to excel). The output made available can be directly imported to the data analysis software.
The GPS location will be captured with the feature that is inbuilt in the survey format. This enables each dairy farm to be geo-tagged. The advantage of this is that it will make the study team relate well to the survey with geographical indicators like land use/land cover patterns.
As per the approved protocol, initially the study was limited to testing of bovine tuberculosis (M. bovis) and Antibiotic residue in the milk sample. The research group however proposed that if resources are adequate, the study should also test for E.coli, brucellosis, and pesticide residue in the milk samples. Based on expert knowledge these conditions/infections having immense public health significance and can be transmitted under these settings. Utilising available resources, additional pathogens and residue testing in milk samples will undoubtedly, inform the study team on critical aspects of the disease burden contributing to evidence informed policy making.
For all the above, ethical and financial approvals have been obtained and additional funds provided to the laboratory partners. Laboratory investigations comprise of:
Residues: Antibiotic Residue and Pesticide Residue
Pathogens: M. Bovis (Bovine Tuberculosis); Brucellosis; E. Coli. for more updates click here.