Government Agencies Working in Peri Urban Areas in India

The sudden expansion of large towns and resultant changes in use of land and occupations have altered the landscape of both rural and urban settings. This has impacted the quality of lives of those living on these fringes. There is pressure on livelihoods, civic amenities, land resources, infrastructure, water and sanitation and livestock management. A number of government agencies and bodiesoverlook as part of their mandate these peri-urban settings. Some of the important ones have been listed below:

1. Municipal corporations: The role of municipal corporations in different cities (with 1 lakh and above population of the country is to look at the quality of infrastructure of the particular location, with specific emphasis on providing clean, safe services to the residents. Apart from providing housing facilities to low income groups, these Municipalities also look into the construction and management of the many gardens, libraries, rest houses, public parks, rescue homes, etc. They provide transport links, supply wholesome water, ensure maintenance of streets and manage and develop public hospitals. Click here for more information

2.Jawaharlal nehru national urban renewal mission: Under the Ministry of Urban Development, JNNURM is tasked with improving infrastructure in urban areas along with providing services for the poor living on the periphery of urban domains. It was set up specifically to enhance the efficiency of land related governance services and to promote sustainable infrastructure development. It seeks to fast track planned development of cities including peri-urban locations, outgrowths and corridors in urban set-ups that lead to dispersed urbanisation in the country. JNNURM works under the two sub-missions of Urban Infrastructure and Governance; and Basic Services to Urban Poor. Click here for more information

3. Ministry of rural development: The Ministry plays a key role in the overall development and welfare activities in rural areas of the country covering aspects that range from strategy to implementation. With a mission to create more sustained and inclusive growth of rural areas through an envisioned strategy for poverty eradication, provision for livelihoods and better safety net along with improved infrastructure for development, the Ministry plays an important role in improving agriculture, industry, communication, health, education and development. Click here for more information

4. Ministry of environment, forest and climate change: As a nodal agency for planning, promotion, coordination and overseeing the country’s environmental and forestry policies and related programmes, the Ministry assumes care of the country’s natural resources, biodiversity, wildlife, ensuring welfare of animals and prevention and abatement of pollution. Working towards human welfare, it partners nodal agencies globally on issues related to environment. Click here for more information

5. The national urban health mission: Under the purview of Ministry of Health& Family Welfare, NUHM is mandated to meet health care needs of the population in urban areas, specifically urban poor. As a scheme it aims at making primary health care services accessible, reducing expenditure on treatment by the poor. Covering areas of healthcare, institutional management systems, partnerships with community and local bodies for better planning and implementation and providing resources for urban poor, it seeks to engage multiple stakeholders for better healthcare and access to the urban poor living on the fringes. Specifically, in the area of vector-borne diseases, National Health Mission’s National Vector Borne Diseases Control Programme (NVBDCP) aims at catering to disease spread through vectors. Click here for more information

6. Ministry of agriculture and farmers welfare: As a nodal agency that looks at the agriculture of the country, the Ministries’ Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries specifically caters to the needs related to the livestock of the farmers. Another department of the ministry which handles all farmer issues and their welfare through innovative mechanisms is the Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmer’s Welfare. Both the departments handle the rural, urban and peri-urban farming through a variety of schemes and programmes established for facilitating different facets of agriculture in the country. The Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries has started schemes on bovine breeding and dairy development along with the National Livestock Mission which specifically look at dairy farming across the country, including Urban and Peri-Urban locations.

7. Food safety and standards authority of India: Established under the Food Safety and Standards Act of 2006, FSSAI consolidates Acts and orders which handle food related issues in various Ministries and Departments. It puts down scientific facts and standards for food articles and regulations relating to manufacture, storage, distribution, sale and import, clearing them for safe human consumption. It provides scientific evidence, advice and technical support to Central and State Governments in forming policies and rules relating to food safety and nutrition, prevention of contamination and identification of emerging risks associated, including rapid alert systems. Click here for more information

8. Central drugs standard control organisation: Functioning under the Directorate General of Health Services, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, CDSCO manages quality control of majority of imported drugs available in the Indian market along with drugs and cosmetics manufactured within India, on behalf of Central and State Drug Controller Administrations. Alongside, it also acts as an authority for matters of dispute in relation to quality of drugs. It undertakes analytical research on standardisation of drugs including maintenance of microbial cultures useful in drug analysis, looking into quality and toxicity of drug awaiting license as well. Click here for more information

9. Central pollution control board: As the statutory organisation constituted as a field formation to provide technical services to Ministry of Environment, Forestry and Climate Change, CPCBpromotes cleanliness of streams and wells in different areas by prevention, control and abatement of water pollution along with improving quality of air. With rapid urbanisation and population growth, there has been a severe effect on the country’s limited resources in terms of quality, access and usage. It therefore collects, collates and disseminates technical and statistical data related to water and air pollution for better quality and surveillance, especially of different drinking water sources at national and state levels. Click here for more information

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